Other

Comparison of DNA and RNA


Difference and similarities

DNARNA
structureDouble helix (double strand)Single helix (single strand)
Structure of the nucleotidesPhosphate + pentose + one basePhosphate + pentose + one base
sugardeoxyriboseribose
basesAdenine, cytosine, guanine and thymineAdenine, cytosine, guanine and uracil
functionStorage of the genetic materialMultifunctional, depending on the type of RNA; e.g. Transmission of genetic information (mRNA)