Latin name: Panthera leo
size: 1,5 - 2,3m
mass: 100 - 240kg
Older: 10 - 15 years
Appearance: yellowish, sand-colored
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Carnivore
food: Antelope, buffalo, gnu, hares, zebra
original origin: Africa
Sleep-wake rhythm: twilight active
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: with 2 - 3 years
mating season: all year round
gestation: 105 - 110 days
litter size: 2 - 4 cubs
social behavior: Pack animal
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the lion
- In the short term Löwen reach a top speed of 65km / h. However, lions are not endurance hunters. The longer an attack on a fast animal (such as zebra) lasts, the less chance the lion has of catching the animal.
- Lions are pack animals. A pack usually consists of 3-4 related adult males, 10-30 females, and their offspring. Only the pack leader may breed with the females.
- The number of remaining lions is estimated at about 25,000 animals.
- If the pack leader loses to another male in combat, the new lion takes over the pack and kills the begotten offspring of the predecessor.
- The lion is not the biggest big cat despite its 2,30m. The tiger can become even bigger and heavier (over 250kg).
- Male lions are clearly distinguished from the female lionesses with their mane (sexual dimorphism). Only in early adulthood (4 to 6 years) is the characteristic mane trained by the lion.
- Lions can purr as much as domestic cats.
- A lioness bears up to four cubs. The boys are first raised a few weeks away from the herd and later integrated into the pack.
- Lions prefer to hunt at night. On the one hand, lions are sensitive to heat, on the other hand, lions can go hunting unnoticed in the dark. By day, a hunting pack of lions would attract too much attention and make the hunt harder.