Other names: Butterfly
Latin name: Lepidoptera
size: 3 - 11cm
Older: up to one year
Appearance: blue, green, red, yellow, black, white
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: day or night active (depending on the species)
habitat: Forest, meadow, wetlands
natural enemies: insectivorous birds
sexual maturity: immediately after hatching
mating season: species-specific
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the butterfly
- Butterflies are also called butterflies.
- There are nearly 200,000 different butterfly species: increasing. Every day a previously unknown butterfly is discovered.
- Butterflies come in all imaginable colors (including red, yellow, blue, green, purple, orange, black, white).
- A butterfly goes through four phases during its life: egg, caterpillar, cocoon and imago (butterfly).
- The cocoons of the silk moth are used for the production of silk. This is the only way to win silk so far. A synthetic (artificial) production has not been successful.
- The blood (so-called Hämelymphe) of butterflies has a yellowish color.
- Some butterflies only live a few days. The peacock spinner, for example, stops eating food at the butterfly stage and starves to death after it has (at best) reproduced.
- Butterflies have developed different tactics to defend predators during evolution. Mimicry (imitation of other animals, such as wasps), mimicry (camouflage, e.g., by imitating the shape of leaves) or ocelli (eyes on the wings resembling predatory mammals).
- A butterfly is sexually mature at the time of hatching.
- Butterflies communicate using chemical fragrances (pheromones). A mating female can be smelled by a mating male for several miles.