Latin name: Juniperus
Number of species: about 50 juniper species
circulation area: Northern Hemisphere
fruit: round, berry-shaped cones
heyday: April June
height: up to 15 meters
Older: up to 2000 years
Properties of the bark:
Properties of the wood: ?
Locations of the tree: Lowland and mountainous regions
needles: pointed, about 3cm long needles
Interesting facts about the juniper tree
The genus of juniper (Juniperus) includes 50 different species, of which in Europe with the common juniper and the savin only two species occur. Juniper trees prefer climatically dry areas. Because of their low demands in terms of soil conditions, they are even rooted on sandy areas in semi-desert areas.
Needles and berries of many juniper species are toxic to humans and can damage the liver and kidneys when ingested. Especially the confusion of the berries of Sadebaum, in the vernacular also as Poison juniper known, with the common juniper can be dangerous. Nevertheless, there are many juniper products, including tea, jams, spices and brandy to buy. For pregnancy and renal insufficiency, these products should be avoided urgently.
The juniper is barely threatened by predators. His needles are so pointed that they would not be painless to eat for almost all needle eaters. For birds, the green to red berries (depending on the species) are tasty. The seeds are excreted undigested again and thus ensure the distribution of juniper plants.