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Book- Biology for Majors I (Lumen) - Biology


Book- Biology for Majors I (Lumen)

The 10 Best Biology Textbooks

This wiki has been updated 23 times since it was first published in July of 2015. Studying the sciences can be challenging, but rewarding, as well, if you enhance your learning with the right materials, such as these informative biology textbooks. We've included editions specifically written for high school students, undergraduates, and graduates pursuing a professional career in the field, as well as for laypersons with an interest in the subject. When users buy our independently chosen editorial selections, we may earn commissions to help fund the Wiki.

This wiki has been updated 23 times since it was first published in July of 2015. Studying the sciences can be challenging, but rewarding, as well, if you enhance your learning with the right materials, such as these informative biology textbooks. We've included editions specifically written for high school students, undergraduates, and graduates pursuing a professional career in the field, as well as for laypersons with an interest in the subject. When users buy our independently chosen editorial picks, we may earn commissions to help fund the Wiki.


Prescribed Work Common to All Options

In the process of fulfilling degree requirements, all students must complete:

  1. Core curriculum
  2. Skills and experience flags:
    a. Writing: two flagged courses beyond Rhetoric and Writing 306 or its equivalent, including one at the upper-division level
    b. Quantitative reasoning: one flagged course
    c. Global cultures: one flagged course
    d. Cultural diversity in the United States: one flagged course
    e. Ethics: one flagged course
    f. Independent inquiry: one flagged course

Courses that may be used to fulfill flag requirements are identified in the Course Schedule. They may be used simultaneously to fulfill other requirements, unless otherwise specified. Please note, students may not earn the cultural diversity in the United States and the global cultures flags from the same course. Students are encouraged to discuss options with their academic advisors.

  1. Courses common to all Bachelor of Science in Biology degree Options except for Option IX.
    1. Mathematics 408C , 408R , or 408N and 408S . Students who intend to take additional calculus coursework should begin the sequence with 408C or 408N
    2. Statistics and Data Sciences 328M
    3. Chemistry 301 or 301H , 302 or 302H , and 204
    4. One of the following sequences:
      1. Physics 317K , 117M , 317L , and 117N (recommended)
      2. Physics 301 , 101L , 316 , and 116L
      3. Physics 303K , 103M , 303L , and 103N
      4. Physics 302K , 102M , 302L , and 102N

      Option VIII Teaching majors may substitute Science 365 and Physics 108 for Physics 316 and 116L , 317L and 117N , 303L and 103N , or 302L and 102N Physics 108 is offered on the pass/fail basis.

      ii. Biology 206L , 208L , or 226L . This requirement must be completed prior to progressing to additional laboratory requirement in the degree options. Students pursuing Option III, Marine and Freshwater Science, and Option IV, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, must complete Biology 226L . Students pursuing Option VIII, Teaching, must complete either Biology 206L or 208L .

      4. All students must complete at least 36 semester hours of upper-division coursework at least 21 semester hours of upper-division coursework in biology must be completed in residence at the University.

      Additional Prescribed Work for Each Option

      Option I: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior

      5. One course or pair of courses in each of the following areas:

      b. Behavior and comparative physiology: Biology 322 and 122L , 359K , or 361T

      1. Three additional courses or pair of courses chosen from coursework in 5a through 5c and from Biology 438L , 471G , 456L , 359R , 364 , 373L , 374 and 174L , 375 , 478L , Marine Science 352C , and 354Q
      2. One course in cellular, developmental, genetics, microbiology, or molecular biology: Biology 320 , 320L , 325L , 325T , 326R , 328 , 331L , 344 , 349 , 349L , 350M , 366R
      3. One laboratory course or pair of courses containing a substantial field component: Biology 321L , 340L , 353F , 453L , 354L , 455L , 456L , 369L , 373L , Marine Science 320 and 120L , 352C , 352D , 354 , 354C , 354E . A laboratory course or pair of courses may also count toward requirements 5 through 7
      4. One additional laboratory course: Biology 320L , 321L , 124L , 127L , 325L , 331L , 438L , 340L , 448L , 349L , 353F , 453L , 354L , 455L , 456L , 369L , 373L , 174L , 478L , Marine Science 120L , 352C , 352D , 354 , 354C , 354E , 354Q . One-hour laboratory courses may require credit for or registration in a complementary lecture course. A laboratory course may also count toward requirements 5 through 7. A course counted toward requirement 8 may not also count toward requirement 9.
      5. One course chosen from the following: Chemistry 320M , Computer Science 303E or 313E , Geological Sciences 401 or 303 , Statistics and Data Sciences 332 or 348
      6. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

      Option II: Human Biology

      1. Biochemistry 369 or 339F
      2. Biology 346
      3. Three hours from genetics, genomics, and computational biology: Biochemistry 339N , Biology 321G , 325T , 327E , 327G , 354C , 366 , 366R , 471 , Statistics and Data Sciences 348
      4. Six hours from cellular, developmental, and molecular biology: Biochemistry 339J , 339M , 364F , Biology 320 , 326R , 330 , 335 , 336 , 339 , 339M , 344 , 360K , 349 , 350M , 360M , 361
      5. Three hours from ecology, environment, and health: Biology 326R , 327D , 329 , 330 , 361 , 364 , Nutrition 306 or 312
      6. Four hours from physiology and anatomy: Biology 446L , 365S and 165U , 478L
      7. One additional laboratory course from: Biology 320L , 122L , 124L , 128L , 129L , 325L , 328D , 230L , 331L , 340L , 446L , 448L , 349L , 353F , 453L , 354L , 455L , 456L , 260L , 361L , 463L , 165U , 369F , 369L , 371L , 373L , 174L , 478L , Marine Science 120L , 152L . One-hour laboratory courses may require credit for or registration in a complementary lecture course.
      8. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

      Option III: Marine Science

      1. Biology 326R and 373
      2. Marine Science 101 , 310 , 320 , and 120L
      3. Eighteen hours of coursework including 12 hours in Marine Science, chosen from: Biology 320 , 321L , 328 , 344 , 354L , 357 , 361T , 364 , 366 , 375 , Geological Sciences 341G , Marine Science 440 , 348 (Topic 1: Training Cruise(s)), 352 , 352C , 352D , 352E , 152L , 152S , 252S , 152T , 252T , 353 , 354 , 354C , 354E , 354J , 354Q , 354T , 354U , 355C , 356 , 357 , 367K , 170 , 270 , 370 . Six hours in Marine Science must be completed at the Marine Science Institute in Port Aransas, Texas.
      4. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

      Option IV: Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

      1. Biology 326R , 330 , 339 , 339M , 360K , 361 , 366
      2. Two upper-division biology laboratory courses chosen from: Biology 230L , 260L , and 361L . Biology 377 , 377 -FRI, 379H may be used for one of the laboratory courses if approved in advance by the microbiology faculty advisor.
      3. Fifteen additional hours in upper-division biochemistry, biology, and chemistry
      4. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

      Option V: Cell and Molecular Biology

      1. Biology 320 , 326R , 349 , and 344 or 350M
      2. Two laboratory courses chosen from: Biology 320L , 325L , 331L , 349L
      3. One additional upper-division laboratory course in biology. Biology 377 , 377 -FRI, 379H may be used if approved in advance by the cell and molecular biology faculty advisor.
      4. Eighteen additional hours in upper-division biochemistry, biology, and chemistry
      5. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

      Option VII: Plant Biology

      1. Two additional upper-division laboratory courses Biology 377 , 377 -FRI, 379H may be used for one of the laboratory courses if approved in advance by the plant biology faculty advisor.
      2. One of the following sequences:
        1. Plant molecular biology: Biochemistry 369 or 339F , Biology 320 and 350M , and Chemistry 320M
        2. Plant environmental biology: Biology 357 , 374 , and 375

        Option VIII: Teaching

        This Option is designed to fulfill the course requirements for certification as a middle grades or secondary school science teacher in Texas the student chooses either composite science certification with biology as the primary teaching field or life science certification. However, completion of the course requirements does not guarantee the student’s certification. Information about additional certification requirements is available from the UTeach-Natural Sciences academic advisor.

        1. Chemistry 320M , 320N , and 220C or 320M and Biochemistry 369
        2. Biology courses: ​​
          1. Biology 320 , 226L , 326R , and either 324 and 124L , 322 and 122L , or 328 and 128L
          2. At least three semester hours chosen from the following courses in physiology, neurobiology, and behavior: Biology 438L , 359K , 359R , 361T , 365S , 367C
          3. At least three semester hours chosen from: Biology 340L , 448L , 453L , 455L , 456L , 463L , 364 , 369L , 373 , Marine Science 352D , 354 , 354C
          1. For composite science certification: Biochemistry 369 (to be counted as upper-division biology hours) and six semester hours of coursework in geological sciences. Courses intended for nonscience majors may not be counted toward this requirement. The remaining composite certification content requirements are met by the chemistry, physics, and science courses used to fulfill requirements 3c, 3d, 3ei, and 5.
          2. For life science certification: Biology 373 , and three additional semester hours of biology chosen from the courses listed in requirement 6b and 6c
          1. Curriculum and Instruction 651S (Topic 4: Secondary School Teaching Practicum: Science)
          2. Curriculum and Instruction 365C or UTeach-Natural Sciences 350
          3. Curriculum and Instruction 365D or UTeach-Natural Sciences 355
          4. Curriculum and Instruction 365E or UTeach-Natural Sciences 360
          5. UTeach-Natural Sciences 101 , 110 , and 170

          Option IX: Biology Honors

          1. Breadth requirement: An honors mathematics course Biology 315H and 325H Chemistry 301H and 302H and an additional three-hour honors-designated course from a department in College of Natural Sciences. Credit earned by examination may not be counted toward this requirement.
          1. An eight-semester-hour sequence of coursework in physics chosen from the following:
            1. Physics 301 , 101L , 316 , and 116L
            2. Physics 317K , 117M , 317L , and 117N or
            3. Physics 303K , 103M , 303L , and 103N
            1. Complete 24 hours chosen from any of the following courses:
              1. Biology 370
              2. Cellular, developmental, and molecular biology: Biochemistry 369 or 339F , 339J , 339M , 364F , Biology 320 , 326R , 330 , 335 , 336 , 339 , 339M , 344 , 360K , 349 , 350M , 360M , 361
              3. Genetics and genomics: Biochemistry 339N , Biology 321G , 325T , 327E , 327G , 354C , 366 , 366R , 471 , Statistics and Data Sciences 348
              4. Physiology, neuroscience, and behavior: Biology 328 , 438L , 359K , 359R , 361T , 367C , 365S , 374 , Marine Science 355C
              5. Ecology, evolution, and biodiversity: Biology 322 , 324 , 346 , 351 , 357 , 364 , 471G , 373 , 375 , Marine Science 320 , 352C , 352D , 352E , 353 , 354 , 354C , 354E , 354Q , 356 , 357

              Option X: Computational Biology

              1. Two courses from: Computer Science 303E , 313E , 323E , 323H , 324E , 326E , 327E , 329E , Mathematics 408D , 358K , 378K , Statistics and Data Sciences 322 , 323 , 329D , 332 , 335 , 352 , 353 , 358 , 374C , 374D , 374E .
              2. Two courses from genetics, genomics, and computational biology: Biochemistry 339N , Biology 321G , 325T , 327E , 327G , 354C , 366 , 366R , 471
              3. Six hours chosen from any of the following courses:
                1. Cellular, development, and molecular biology: Biochemistry 369 or 339F , 339J , 339M , 364F , Biology 320 , 326R , 330 , 335 , 336 , 339 , 339M , 344 , 360K , 349 , 350M , 360M , 361
                2. Physiology, neuroscience, and behavior: Biology 328 , 438L , 359K , 359R , 361T , 367C , 365S , 374 Neuroscience 330 Marine Science 355C
                3. Ecology, evolution, and biodiversity: Biology 322 , 324 , 346 , 351 , 357 , 364 , 471G , 373 , 375 , Marine Science 320 , 352C , 352D , 352E , 353 , 354 , 354C , 354E , 354Q , 356 , 357

                Option XI: Biology

                1. Two courses from cellular, developmental, and molecular biology: Biochemistry 369 or 339F , 339J , 339M , 364F , Biology 320 , 326R , 330 , 335 , 336 , 339 , 339M , 344 , 360K , 349 , 350M , 360M , 361 , Pharmacy PharmD 381M , 281N
                2. Two courses from genetics, genomics, and computational biology: Biochemistry 339N , Biology 321G , 325T , 327E , 327G , 354C , 366 , 366R , 471 , Statistics and Data Sciences 348
                3. Two courses from physiology, neurobiology, and behavior: Biology 328 , 438L , 359K , 359R , 361T , 367C , 365S , 374 , Marine Science 355C , Neuroscience 330 , Pharmacy PharmD 480C , 480D .
                4. Two courses from ecology, evolution, and biodiversity: Biology 322 , 324 , 346 , 351 , 357 , 364 , 471G , 373 , 375 , Marine Science 320 , 352C , 352D , 352E , 353 , 354 , 354C , 354E , 354Q , 356 , 357
                5. Two additional laboratory courses: Biology 320L , 122L , 124L , 128L , 129L , 325L , 328D , 230L , 331L , 340L , 446L , 448L , 349L , 353F , 453L , 354L , 455L , 456L , 260L , 361L , 463L , 165U , 369F , 369L , 371L , 373L , 174L , 478L , Marine Science 120L , 152L , Pharmacy PharmD 180K , 180P , 187P , 388M , 188P . One-hour laboratory courses may be required credit for or registration in a complementary lecture course.
                6. Twelve additional hours in upper-division biochemistry, biology, chemistry, marine science, mathematics, statistics and data sciences, physics, and pharmacy.
                7. Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours.

                Option XII: Genetics and Genomics

                Nine additional hours in upper-division biochemistry, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and statistics and data sciences

                Enough additional coursework to make a total of 120 semester hours

                Special Requirements

                Students in all Options must fulfill both the University's General Requirements for graduation and the college requirements. They must also earn a grade of at least C- in each mathematics and science course required for the degree, and a grade point average in these courses of at least 2.00. More information about grades and the grade point average is given in the General Information Catalog.

                To graduate and be recommended for certification, students who follow the teaching Option must have a University grade point average of at least 2.50. They must earn a grade of at least C- in the supporting course in requirement 8, and in each of the professional development courses listed in requirement 10 and must pass the final teaching portfolio review those seeking middle grades certification must also earn a grade of at least C- in each of the courses listed in requirement 11. For information about the portfolio review and additional teacher certification requirements, students should consult the UTeach-Natural Sciences academic advisor.

                To graduate under Option IX, students must remain in good standing in the Dean’s Scholars Honors Program, must submit an honors thesis approved by the departmental honors advisor, and present their research in an approved public forum, such as the college’s annual Undergraduate Research Forum. More information about the Undergraduate Research Forum is available at https://cns.utexas.edu/.

                Order and Choice of Work

                Students begin the Bachelor of Science in Biology degree program with six hours of introductory biology for science majors ( Biology 311C and 311D ), as well as Chemistry 301 or 301H and 302 or 302H and Mathematics 408C , 408N , or 408R . Students should consult with academic advisors about specific concentrations within biology, about appropriate courses in mathematics and physical sciences, and about course load and the balance between laboratory and nonlaboratory work. Most students select an Option by the end of the second year and take at least 21 hours of upper-division coursework in the major in the third and fourth years.


                Book- Biology for Majors I (Lumen) - Biology

                Biology Fast Facts

                courses we offer in an academic year

                students majoring in our department

                publications over the past 3 years

                presentations over the past 3 years

                CCNY faculty are on the cutting edge of research in topics as diverse as global biodiversity, genetic links between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, or how the immune system fights pathogens. Students mentored in their labs have traveled as far afield as the Galapagos Islands, tracing the footsteps of Charles Darwin, and as close to home as Harlem, studying health disparities in this changing neighborhood. The Biology and Biotechnology programs each offer B.S. and M.S degrees, as well as combined B.S./M.S. programs. The Biology Ph.D. is offered jointly by the City University of New York and City College, with areas of specialization in molecular/cellular/developmental biology, neurobiology, and ecology and evolutionary biology.

                Stay in Touch

                Please fill out this google form to stay in touch with the Department of Biology and receive event information as well as our annual newsletter.


                Requirements

                In addition to the program requirements, students must

                • earn a minimum final cumulative GPA of 2.000
                • complete a minimum of 45 academic credit hours earned from UNC–Chapel Hill courses
                • take at least half of their major core requirements (courses and credit hours) at UNC–Chapel Hill
                • earn a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.000 in the major core requirements. Some programs may require higher standards for major or specific courses.

                Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.

                With a C grade or better in BIOL 101

                Minimum C- in BIOL 202 required for enrollment

                At least two courses out of the five courses (four electives and one organismal course) must be numbered above 400 (not including BIOL 501 and BIOL 692H ).

                A total of six hours from BIOL 295 (inactive fall 2017), BIOL 395 , and/or BIOL 692H count as a laboratory course requirement. One additional elective may consist of a total of three hours of courses numbered above 600 (not including BIOL 692H ).

                A grade of C or better in CHEM 101 or CHEM 102 is required for BIOL 201 and BIOL 202 .

                Allied Science Electives

                All allied science elective courses need to have a minimum of three credit hours.

                Course List
                Code Title Hours
                ANTH 143Human Evolution and Adaptation3
                ANTH 148Human Origins3
                ANTH 298Biological Anthropology Theory and Practice3
                ANTH 315Human Genetics and Evolution3
                ANTH 318Human Growth and Development3
                ANTH 412Paleoanthropology3
                ANTH 414Laboratory Methods: Human Osteology3
                ANTH 415Laboratory Methods: Zooarchaeology3
                ANTH 416Bioarchaeology3
                ANTH 470Medicine and Anthropology3
                ANTH 623Human Disease Ecology3
                ASTR --- Any ASTR course above 99 3
                BIOL --- Any BIOL course above 101, except BIOL 213, BIOL 291, BIOL 292, BIOL 294, BIOL 296, and BIOL 495 3
                BIOS --- Any BIOS course 3
                BMME 335Biomaterials3
                CHEM --- Any CHEM course above 101 3
                COMP --- Any COMP course above 100, except COMP 380 3
                ENEC 202Introduction to the Environmental Sciences4
                ENEC 256Mountain Biodiversity4
                ENEC 403Environmental Chemistry Processes3
                ENEC 406Atmospheric Processes II4
                ENEC 410Earth Processes in Environmental Systems4
                ENEC 411Oceanic Processes in Environmental Systems4
                ENEC 415Environmental Systems Modeling3
                ENEC 471Human Impacts on Estuarine Ecosystems4
                ENEC 489Ecological Processes in Environmental Systems4
                EXSS 175Human Anatomy3
                EXSS 276Human Physiology3
                GEOG 110The Blue Planet: An Introduction to Earth's Environmental Systems H 3
                GEOG 111Weather and Climate3
                GEOG 212Environmental Conservation and Global Change3
                GEOG 222Health and Medical Geography3
                GEOG 253Introduction to Atmospheric Processes4
                GEOL --- Any GEOL course above 100 3
                MASC --- Any MASC course above 100 3
                MATH --- Any MATH course above 110, except MATH 129P 3
                MCRO 251Introductory Medical Microbiology4
                NSCI 175Introduction to Neuroscience3
                NSCI 222Learning H 3
                NSCI 225Sensation and Perception H 3
                NSCI 401Animal Behavior3
                NSCI 403Advanced Biopsychology Laboratory H 3
                NUTR 240Introduction to Human Nutrition3
                PHIL 155Truth and Proof: Introduction to Mathematical Logic H 3
                PHYS --- Any PHYS course above 99, except PHYS 132
                PSYC 101General Psychology3
                PSYC 210Statistical Principles of Psychological Research H 3
                PSYC 220Biopsychology H 3
                PSYC 230Cognitive Psychology H 3
                STOR --- Any STOR course above 151 3
                SPHS 570Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech, Language, and Hearing Mechanisms3

                Honors version available. An honors course fulfills the same requirements as the nonhonors version of that course. Enrollment and GPA restrictions may apply.


                Biology

                The biology major offers students the opportunity to study the biological basis of life from a wide range of perspectives, from ecosystems to organisms to cells and molecules. A critical component of our curriculum is active, inquiry-based learning, including classroom and laboratory experiences that provide not only in-depth exposure to core concepts in biology but also development of skills such as critical thinking, problem solving, data analysis, and scientific writing.

                We offer a rigorous scientific curriculum grounded in the liberal arts tradition of making connections with many areas both within and outside of the sciences, as students learn to apply their knowledge to real-world problems. Please view the college catalog for a full and up-to-date list of requirements and courses for this program.

                Related Majors and Minors

                In addition to the biology major, there are several related majors and minors in related areas, including Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Environmental Studies and Sustainability, Neuroscience and Public Health.

                Drew also offers many special programs linking work at Drew with advanced schooling, such as:

                Please note that there are specific requirements for admission to these programs and those considering cooperative programs should work closely with their advisers since early planning is important.


                BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES MAJOR

                Biology is the science of living systems, from molecular and cellular to organismal and ecological levels. Biology is also a living science that continues to make new and exciting discoveries revealing the causes of human disease, generating new therapies, improving human health, and helping to understand ourselves. Biology majors choose an area of concentration representing one of the foundational modern biological disciplines.  Majors become experts in their area of concentration and attain a breadth of knowledge preparing them for careers in medicine, research, biotech and beyond.

                The study of biology made large impacts on society historically and today. Biologists discovered evolution by natural selection to explain the origin and persistence of life on Earth. They discovered the replication and decoding of DNA information to explain inherited and sporadic diseases such as birth defects and cancer. Biologists identify the nature of infectious disease and the immune system, leading to antibiotics and vaccines. Crucially, biologists develop ways to detect and modify biomolecules, leading to advanced diagnostics and therapeutics. Ongoing research in biology is essential for confronting the health challenges of today and of the future.

                While Covid-19 is keeping many of us off campus, our mission continues, and our commitment to your education and well-being is unwavering.

                Questions?

                Helpful Links

                Concentrations

                During the upper years, biology majors choose an area of concentration representing one of the foundational modern biological disciplines below. These specializations build expertise in in methodologies and analysis of distinct levels of organization in biological systems. Explore our concentrations below.

                Human Health and Disease

                Learn about biological aspects of both health and pathology, and the biological underpinnings of medical research.

                Cell and Developmental Biology

                Biochemistry & Biophysics

                Dive into the chemical and physical nature of biological compounds and macromolecules, and the chemical processes that govern life.

                Molecular Genetics and Genomics

                Discover how cells encode, express, and pass on genetic information.

                Computational and Systems Biology

                Investigate the range of quantitative and other analytical techniques in biological theory and experimentation.

                Ecology Evolution and Conservation

                Discover the interactions between ecology and evolution, the impact of climate change, habitat fragmentation, invasive species, and other factors in biodiversity and ecosystem health.

                Molecular Neurobiology

                Learn the molecular, cellular, developmental, structural and functional aspects of nervous systems. 

                Interdisciplinary Biology

                Design your own specialization.

                Explore!

                 Visit our concentration page to explore the possibilities.

                Highlights

                Fall 2020 Course Information

                Fall 2020 course information now available!

                Fall 2020 Lab BIOL_SCI 220 can be taken online OR in-person. See course description for more details.


                Bring evolutionary processes to life

                Darwin's Finches in Galapagos Videos

                Filmed and narrated by Peter and Rosemary Grant, the Darwin's Finches in Galapagos videos provide an amazing look at the Grants' decades of evolutionary research. These six assignable videos will help your students explore and better understand topics such as speciation, natural selection, ecological niches, hybridization, and competition, all while highlighting the scientific process of studying biology in the field and allow students to demonstrate mastery of the key concepts related to evolution and ecology.


                Department News

                Viola Whitney Pfleger Fund Recipients Deisy Aurfali, junior Biology major Tuesday June 29, 2021

                Dr. Al Stein Memorial Fund Recipients Zarifa Akbary, senior Molecular Biology major, Florencia Gori, senior Biology major Tuesday June 29, 2021

                S. Marie Kuhnen Scholarship Recipients Bethany Olive, senior Biology and English major, Andreia Resende, senior Biology major Tuesday June 29, 2021

                Charles E. Hadley Memorial Fund Recipient Zarifa Akbary, senior Molecular Biology major Tuesday June 29, 2021


                • Majors are strongly advised to take two semesters of chemistry, a statistics course, calculus, and physics.
                • Majors should take courses in related disciplines such as geosciences, chemistry, anthropology, cognitive science, neuroscience, mathematics, physics, bioinformatics, public health.
                • Consider a concentration in an interdisciplinary program such as ENVI, NSCI, BIMO, Public Health, or other related programs in the sciences.

                Biology is the fundamental study of life and living systems. The educational goals of our curriculum foster student excitement about biology and promote science as a process and way of knowing, not merely content knowledge. We offer a strong foundation in biology to prepare for diverse and successful careers and to enrich our students’ lifelong engagement with the world, in all its diversity and complexity.

                We have framed the educational goals for our majors as six skills-based learning outcomes.


                Watch the video: 10 Best Biology Textbooks 2020 (January 2022).

                H