Latin name: Abies
Number of species: about 50 fir species
circulation area: Europe
fruit: initially greenish cones, later reddish brown, about 10-15 cm long and 5 cm wide
heyday: May June
height: up to 70 meters
Older: up to 600 years
Properties of the bark: ?
Properties of the woodResinless, light and elastic, gray color
Locations of the tree: loamy and clay soil, occasionally humus
needles: about 3cm long needles, dark green
Interesting about the Christmas tree
The genus of fir trees (abies) includes about 50 different species, which can be found almost in almost the entire northern hemisphere. While in North America mainly on the Edeltanne has the, has white fir prevailing character in Europe.
Fir trees are optimally adapted to their external environment: their roots extend several meters into the depths and can thus absorb water from deeper layers even in the case of ground frost or prolonged periods of drought (which also exist in cold climates). The needles are surrounded by a waxy layer and have relatively small stomata, so that the fir as little as possible loses water over evaporation. For in comparison to deciduous trees in regions rich in precipitation, a similar transpiration for the fir would mean dehydration.
Fir trees for firewood, lumber and, of course, Christmas trees are very important. Denmark has become the world export champion for the famous Nordmann firs excelled. Every year, several million firs of this species are shipped throughout the world at Christmas time.